When creating your magento theme, you often will want to insert cms static blocks rather than keeping all of the content in the theme. The store owner is going to want to change the content now and again and if you do as much as possible with static blocks, they can be edited in the Magento Admin.
Place in the appropriate layout file and scope. If this was, for example, a static block in the footer, you would need to add it in app/design/frontend/[interface_name]/[theme_name]/layout/page.xml inside the scope of the “footer” block.
The name-of-static-block has to be the static block identifier in Magento Admin -> CMS -> Static Blocks
Then in your template, continuing with the example of it being in the footer, we then get static block content using this sweet and simple line in app/design/frontend/[interface_name]/[theme_name]/template/page/html/footer.phtml: